Antwerp School
Christ and the Adulteress

PROVENANCE: Peole Juan Jorge (1825-1893) (Frits Lugt 2020); private collection New York.

Pen and brown ink and blue wash, heightened with white

268 x 385 mm (10 1/2 x 15 3/ 8 in.)


The present drawing is stylistically in the circle of Frans Floris, and in particular close to the work of Vredeman de Vries (1541-1546), Gerard van Groeningen and Crispin van den Broeck (1524-1589/91).

Van den Broeck was born in Mechelen and was a pupil of Franks Floris, with whom he worked to 1570. From 1570s he designed prints for Plantin, circa 1584-6 he was in Middelburg and then back in Antwerp where he died.

Gerard Van Groeningen (active 1550-1599) was a Flemish printmaker and print designer. He was active in Antwerp.

Hans Vredeman de Vries (1527-1606?) was a Dutch painter, designer, architect and engineer. Between 1541-1546, he was pupil of Reyer Gerrietsen in Amsterdam and from 1546-48 pupil of Ernest Maeler in Kampen. 1549-1550, he was back in Friesland. Stayed with the painter Claude I Dorici in Mechelen. From circa 1555-1560, he was probably in Antwerp, start of collaboration with prints publisher. 1566, second marriage to Sara van der Elsmaer, daughter of the sculptor Wouter van der Elsmaer. In 1575-1586 in Antwerp, appointed as surveyor of the fortifications of the City of Antwerp. Between 1586-1589, via Frankfurt to Braunschweig to work as an architect for Duke Julius at Wolfenbttel, visits Hamburg and Bremen. Between 1591-1596 he was working in Hamburg and also in Danzig. In 1598 in Prague, at the court of Rudolf II, preceded in 1597 by his son Paul. In 1600 he returned via Hamburg to Amsterdam. In 1601 he settled in The Hague and in 1606 he returned to Hamburg and died possibly in this year.

Edward Wouk has commented on our drawing that: The manner is of course close to Floris but not by him. Artists who came to mind were Van den Broeck and Van Groeningen. I think you'll find very compelling comparisons with these engravings:

NHD [The New Hollstein 172.I (The Van Doetecum family) Van Doetecom nos. 283-86, Judith and Holofernes Ibid. no. 287, Ecce Homo ibid. no. 288 Bacchus Vredeman de Vries, Massacre of the Triumverate.

The drawing was once in collection of Peole Juan Jorge (1825-1893), who was a painter of portraits and figures, born in New York to parents from Caracas in Venezuela. Peole in 1828 went with his parents in Havana and there he began, at the age of twelve, at the Academia de San Alejandro, his art studies. Two years later he won a prize that enabled him to continue his studies in Rome where he remained for eight years, working with Tommaso Minardi, a professor at the Accademia di San Luca. During the French invasion he fought under Garibaldi in the ranks of art students. Finally he finished his studies in Madrid where he painted portraits of members of the royal family. Later lived in Cuba, where he participated in the management of the school in Matanzas Empresa. Settled in 1861 with his family in New York. In this city he continued to collect watercolors, etchings and engravings that he was interested since the age of eighteen years. His collection in his time one of the choicest U.S., had 275 watercolors, many old prints and drawings of good old and modern, all acquired by our amateur during his travels in Europe, where he affixed his mark.